Frequently Asked Questions
www.DrCalle.com
Miami-Dade College
School of Entertainment & Design Technologies
Music Business Degrees
F.A.Q.
E-mail:
William Kreitner - Chair of Commercial Music
E-mail - (305) 237-2779
Ed Calle - Professor Music of Business & Production
E-mail - (305) 237-0593
Dr. Richard Rose - Professor of Music Business & Production
E-mail - (305) 237-2755
Steve Roitstein - Professor of Music Business & Production
E-mail - (305) 237-1170
Steve Quinzi - Professor of Business & Production
E-mail - (305) 237- 2265
Photos of MDC's SEDT Music Business Department Production Facilities
Miami-Dade College School of Entertainment & Design Technologies Information Video
Advisement Sheets for MDC Music Business Majors
2-Year Suggested Schedules for MDC Music Business Majors
Management 25019 Advisement Sheets
Management 25019 2-Year Suggested Plan
Performance 25043 Advisement Sheets
Performance 25043 2-Year Suggested Plan
Production 25044 Advisement Sheets
Production 25044 2-Year Suggested Plan
Answers to Frequently Asked Questions
QUESTION ANSWER
I don't play an instrument but I love music and I am fascinated by the music business. Can I still enroll as a Music Business major?
YES. Though a basic understanding of music or proficiency on a musical instrument would be advantageous and preferred, MDC is an open college and students may study anything they like as long as they comply with the academic entrance requirements, maintain satisfactory academic standing, and meet the pre-requisites for any given course. In some instances such as the Commercial Music Ensemble (CME) and advanced sound recording courses, students must receive permission to register for the course from the respective instructor or department chair.
Can I transfer to an upper level institution with an AS degree?
Yes, but the subsequent institution will determine how many
credits transfer and there is no guarantee that the institution will offer the major you are seeking. Currently, there exist limited options in the Florida State University System for students interested in commercial music/music production/music business degrees. It is advisable for the student to do considerable research to identify bachelors and masters degree programs in music business.
Must I enroll in academic courses? Yes. At least 18 academic credits are required and these same 18 credits can apply to another degree such as a general AA degree should the student want to finish both the AA and the AS degree requirements at Miami Dade College. The AA will serve students well should they want to continue their academic pursuits at a four-year college or university. It is very possible to finish both the AS in Music Business and a general AA by completing additional credits at MDC.
Does the School of Entertainment and Design Technology or the Music Business and Production Department offer scholarships or service grant money to Music Business majors?
The answer is yes and we are hoping to increase the money that is available to our students - especially full-time students who participate in ensembles and SEDT events.
Does the department offer internships and/or guarantee a job upon graduation?

The department and the degree requires at least one three credit internship. We assist students, within reason, in securing these internships. There exist clear guidelines which must be followed and there is absolutely no guarantee of job placement after graduation. Students, this is a real-life business experience, and specifically, a music business experience. Jobs are obtained based on many factors, including knowledge, ability, people skills, personal connections, work ethic, flexibility, creativity, desire, and luck. MDC will help music business students acquire the knowledge, skills, business acumen, musical ability, and work ethics needed to succeed in the music business. In some instances, internships are key components towards establishing business contacts and opportunities. Succes in the music business is ultimately the responsibility of each and every individual.

What are the requirements to enter MDC and enroll in the AS degree in Music Business?

A high school diploma or the completion of a GED is
required to enter MDC. How long it will take an individual student to complete the AS degree depends on many factors including test scores on the CPT (college placement test in English, Reading, Math); how many credits the student registers for each semester; the flexibility of the student's schedule in terms of times, days and course locations; musical training; proficiency; and other intangibles such as personal motivation and family or work related responsibilities.

Can I get a job with a two-year degree in Music Business?
The answer is yes but there are no guarantees. Much of an individual's success depends on their drive, their ability to work with other people, and their willingness to do what has to be done to get ahead. The AS degree is simply a very good starting point. There are some "over night wonders", but many people who are involved and successful in the music business have been seriously working in the music business for many years.
It is often rewarding and financially advantageous to earn higher educagtion degrees such as a bachelors, masters or doctorate in music or music related fields at colleges or universities offering programs in music business, technology, production, performance, education, composition, and music therapy to name a few.
What classes should I take at MDC if I want to transfer to another Music Business/Merchandising/Production program such as at those at the University of Miami, University of Colorado, Middle Tennessee State, Belmont, SUNY, etc.?

Many of these programs require a strong foundation in basic music, such as theory, ear-training, piano, applied instrumental skills, and ensembles in addition to some music history. Each program is different. As an interested student, you must contact each school individually and discuss your objectives and their programs with the specific program representative regarding the program's requirements. This includes what courses they will and will not accept from MDC. This is the best way to know what classes completed at MDC will count towards other degrees.

I am very knowledgeable regarding computers. Do I have to register for the basic computer course? You can test out of it. Students may take a placement test prior to having succesfully completed 16 credits. If students succesfully pass the test, they receive credit for the CGS 1060 computer course. Students must take the CGS 1060 course prior to completion of 31 credits or take the placement test in order to avoid having to take the CGS 1060 course. Please contact the testing department in building 6.
Must I have a valid E-mail address? YES. MDC students are required to have a valid E-mail address when registering for classes. Students may establish a freee E-mail address through a number of services including Yahoo and Hotmail. Many professors and the college regularly send important information to students via E-mail. Dr. Calle requires E-mail addresses for all students. Additionally, Dr. Calle's courses are all WebCT enhanced. WebCT provides an internal e-mail server for each course.
Is the music business department the same as the music
department?
Absolutely not. Currently, the music business and production department is part of the School of Entertainment and Design Technologies. The music business degree is designed to prepare students for careers in the commercial music industry. The commercial music industry includes all styles of commercial music including pop, rock, country, folk, jazz, classical, Latin, R&B, Hip Hop, Christian, and World music. Additionally, MDC music business majors are trained for careers in record companies, management, public relations, sales, retail, promotion, and management. All MDC music business students are taught the skills necessary to become artistically and financially successful producers, freelance musicians, performers, composers, arrangers, singer/songwriters, solo artists, managers, and music industry entrepreneurs.
What is the primary computer platform used for MIDI and Sound Recording classes? MIDI and Sound Recording classes at the Kendall Campus are taught using Macintosh G5 computers. MIDI and Sound Recording classes at the North Campus are taught using PCs and Macintosh computers.
What Music Business degrees does MDC offer? MDC offers Associate in Science (A.S.) degrees in Music Business Management (25019), Music Business Creative Performance (25043) and Music Business Creative Production (25044).
I am a producer or an artist. Why must I take music business courses? Music business attorneys charge between $300 and $600 per hour. The more a student knows about the music business, the greater chances for success and profitability. Additionally, musicians who choose music as a profession are by definition music business professionals. The history of popular music is replete with commercially successful artists and bands who have been left penniless by poor or unethical management and unscrupulous business people and record company executives. Contracts and royalties are serious business and students must become expert in the subject of the business of music.
Which classes should I take first? Students must complete their college preparatory courses prior to registering for the required college program curriculum.
What is the correct order when taking the classes?

Students should enroll in the MUM 2700 - 2704 sequentially. MUM 1949 and 2949 are internships available upon completion of MUM 2700-2704. Students should complete basic theory and keyboard (MVK 1111) prior to taking MUM 2623c (MIDI 1). Graduates of MUM 2623c (MIDI 1) should complete MUM 2624c (MIDI 2). Students interested in enrolling in MUM 2600 (Sound Recording 1) should first complete MUM 2623c (MIDI 1). Students interested in enrolling in the Commercial Music Ensemble must contact Dr. Calle. When in doubt, ask a music business advisor.
Students may register for MUM 2700 and MUM 2703 concurrently. The same is true of MUM 2702 and MUM 2704. Similarly, MUM 2623c and MUM 2600 are complimentary as are MUM 2624c and MUM 2601. If you like doubling the workload and the information, taking these courses in tandom may prove to be a fast-track to graduation and entry into the music industry.

How long will it take for me to complete the degree? Degree completion time varies with each student and their chosen degree tracks. Most student will finish one of the three degree programs (25019, 25043 or 25044) in approximately 5 semesters. If you are working on multiple degrees or finishing the necessary requirements for the Associate in Arts (A.A.) degree, completion of your chosen program will require a slightly longer period of time.
Can I earn more than one Music Business degree?
We are currently exploring this option with the school registrar. The Creative Production (25044) and Creative Performance (25043) degrees differ by very few classes. It is very feasible for Music Business Management (25019) majors to complete the additional theory, private lesson and piano courses necessary to graduate with all three music business degrees. If a student is interested in earning all three degrees, it would be in their best interest to enroll in MIDI 1 & 2 (MUM 2623c and MUM 2624c) and Sound Recording 1 & 2 (MUM 2600 and MUM 2601) as their elective credits and consult with the campus registrar.
What are the differences between an Associate in Science (A.S.) and an Associate in Arts (A.A.) degree? The diplomas of students graduating with an A.S. degree actually state the student's specific majors. For example, students diplomas upon graduating with an A.S degree in Music Business Creative Production would read Associate in Science Creative Music Production. On the contrary, A.A. graduates are accepted as 3rd year students at State of Florida universities but their diplomas simply read "Associate in Arts" with no identification of a specific major.
Can I earn both an A.A. and an A.S. degree? YES. Please see the advisement sheets for programs 25019, 25043 and 25044. Students will need one additional course in mathematics, natural science and psychology in order to earn an A.A. degree after earning an A.S. degree.
Does MDC teach sound recording?

YES. MDC offers Sound Recording 1, Sound Recording 2 and mixdown courses. In some instances, sound recording classes meet simultaneously with the Commercial Music Ensemble at Studio-M in order to afford sound recording students hands-on experience recording vocalists and instrumentalists in a real-world setting.

Does MDC offer a sound engineering degree? NO. We ABSOLUTELY DO NOT offer a degree in sound engineering or sound recording. MDC's Music Business Department offers a variety of sound recording and production oriented classes.

A large majority of MDC Music Business students want to become producers because producers retain creative control, enjoy an entrepreneurial career, earn royalties and have the opportunity to write and place songs and earn lucrative royalties from songwriting royalties. Due to the availability and affordability of professional home recording technology, producers, musicians, arrangers, and creative music professionals often engineer their own projects. If your goal is to get a job being a sound engineer, you may want to explore the idea of starting your own sound company or recording studio.

Currently, the recording industry is suffering from financial woes. Many recording studios such as New York's Hit Factory, Ft. Lauderdale's New River Studios, and Miami's Climax, and Midiland studios have closed reducing recording engineer positions.

Home and project studios are increasing in number, capacity, and profitability as a consequence of technological advancements and reduced recording budgets. People who own the gear simply learn how to use it and cannot afford or do not want to pay someone to setup microphones and sit around and press record. MDC students learn how to do that and have no need to spend the extra money.
Can I learn how to make "beats" at MDC? If beat-makers can apply the concepts learned in class, then the answer is yes. MDC students learn the skills necessary to produce, protect and profit from all styles of commercial music. The skills acquired and technology used by MDC music business students are the music industry standard tools needed to make all types of commercial music. Students learn to use these tools and to enhance their creativity in order to produce tangible recordings of their musical ideas.
Does the music business degree program offer internship opportunities? YES. MUM 1949 and MUM 2949 (Music Business 5) offers students the opportunity to intern at companies such as Sony Music, Warner Brothers Records, BMG, Universal Music, MTV Latin, The American Federation of Musicians, Crescent Moon Studios, Clear Channel, NARAS, LARAS, IMC, Turi's Music Enterprises and a variety of other music industry companies.
Can I study MIDI? YES. We offer MIDI 1 and MIDI 2 courses. These courses are taught in the MIDI labs and offer students hands-on experience at individual, state of the art MIDI stations featuring MIDI software such as Reason, Pro Tools, Cubase, Nuendo, Digital Performer, Finale, Reason, SampleTank and many others. MIDI is a terrific resource for musicians and songwriters. The basic keyboard courses (MVK1111 & MVK1112) are most helpful prerequisites for this course.
Does MDC teach Pro Tools? YES. Pro Tools is the standard format used in all of our recording facilities and taught in Sound Recording 1 and Sound Recording 2.
Could you describe MDC's MIDI and recording facilities? YES. The linked webpage includes photos of the Kendall campus Pro Tools lab, MIDI lab and recording studios located in rooms 8113 and M-107.
I am a singer/songwriter or solo artist. Is this program right for me? YES. All three music business degree tracks (25019, 25043 & 25044) offer singer/songwriters the opportunity to learn how to produce and record their own music in addition to teaching them how to protect their intellectual property, market, distribute, promote, negotiate contracts and even create artist websites. The MDC SEDT program is an outstanding choice for all aspiring artists, writers, managers and producers.
How do you compare with FullSail? FullSail offers an outstanding and costly program. MDC offers an outstanding yet very affordable program.
Can I use the recording facilities any time I want to? NO. Sound Recording students are afforded 9 hours of studio time per semester to complete their class projects and are able to work into the Pro Tools and MIDI labs. Music Business majors may also sign up for additional recording time if the studio is available. Please note that projects are for educational purposes only. The studio is a wonderful resource funded by public funds. Please do not attempt to abuse it or use it for personal profit.
Do music business students learn how to create web pages? YES. All music business students are required to complete the webpage design course called COP1822. In addition, MUM 2702, MUM 2703 and MUM 2704 all teach various aspects of webpage and site management design. Professor Calle familiarizes students with Macromedia's Dreamweaver, Flash, FreeHand, Fireworks and Adobe Acrobat software in addition to many other software applications such as Apple's iTunes, Digidesign's Pro Tools, Roni Music's Amazing Slow Downer, Coda Music's Finale, Sibelius, Adobe Photoshop, Microsoft Powerpoint, Excel and Word and many other software applications.
Can I find a music industry job while I attend school? YES. One local staging company, IMC, actively recruits MDC music business students for its workforce. MDC students have garnered publishing and composition contracts with BMG, have auditioned and been offered jobs on cruise ships, recording sessions and live performances and others have been offered recording contracts. Many of our interns garner employment with their respective internship partners and many more start their own businesses. We encourage and prepare our students for entrepreneurial opportunities upon graduation.
Can I take private lessons on an instrument? YES. Private lessons for vocalists and instrumentalists are available at various MDC campuses.
How do I register for the Commercial Music Ensemble (MUM 2030)? Please see Professor Calle. The Commercial Music Ensemble (CME) is a performing group based at the North and Kendall Campuses. Students in the CME learn musical skills such as sight reading, harmonizing, ensemble performance, rhythmic accuracy, solo performance, improvisation and correct stylistic interpretation of many commercial musical styles including pop, rock, Latin, jazz, country, R&B, easy listening and others. For a repertoire list and performance schedule please click on this CME (MUM 2030) link. Please click here for a list of Commercial Music Ensemble (MUM 2030) course competencies.
What must I do in order to register for a class that is full? You must ask the specific instructor or the department chair for an override into the class. Override forms are available from the office assistant in room 8213 or the Academic Dean's Office.
Can I work on my project at home, and if I do, do I still need to come in for lab times? Quoting Dr. Richard Rose, "Yes, you can work at home. You need to attend labs on campus. We have a wealth of professional equipment and there is always something to learn. Work completed at home will be evaluated on our computers and equipment." In professor Calle's opinion, that is excellent advice.
I don't have a computer at home. What can I do in order to use a computer for registering, checking e-mail or completing in my assignments? Thanks to Dr. Rose, Mr. Kreitner and the MDC administration, Kendall campus students may use the Macintosh computer in the lobby of room 8213 during office hours. Additionally, Kendall campus students may use computers in room M-335 and all MDC students may use the computers located in the libraries, computer courtyards and the computer labs.
What are the advantages regarding earning the A.S. and A.A. degrees at Miami Dade College (MDC)?

MDC offers exceptional education and is very affordable. The same courses required for the completion of an A.A. degree at a Florida state college such as F.I.U., U.C.F., F.S.U. or U.F., cost significantly more than they do at MDC. University of Miami students pay in excess of $1,100 per credit. For example, the Music Business 1 course at the University of Miami costs slightly more than $3,300. The same Music Business 1 course at MDC costs approximately $180. Locally, F.I.U. does not offer music business courses or a music business program.

We want everyone visiting this site to understand that we at MDC have tremendous respect for all of the schools mentioned and their programs. Professors Calle, Quinzi, Roitstein and Dr. Rose as well as department chair Mr. Kreitner are all University of Miami alumni.

MDC students can rest assured that MDC is an exceptional State of Florida institution of higher education and will strive in every way possible to prepare you for succesful transitions to other 4-year programs.

Should I purchase a Macintosh or a PC?

The choice is absolutely up to you. Both the PC and Macintosh platforms offer students the opportunity to use software such as Pro Tools, Sibelius, Finale and a host of MIDI software. Professor Calle and Professor Roitstein use the Macintosh platform at the college and in their home studios. Mr. Kreitner and Dr. Rose uses both platforms at the college and at home. At the Kendall campus, Studio M, the MIDI and Pro Tools labs all feature Macintosh computers. The Pro Tools lab at the North campus features PCs by Dell. The Miami-Dade College Music Business Program encourages the learning and usage of all computer platforms and software.

Students:
The goal of the MDC music business and production staff is to empower you to pen, produce, protect, promote, persevere and profit from your talents, education and efforts. The focus should always remainn on the product instead of the tools.

Do companies such as Apple and Dell offer discounts to students? Yes. Please visit the Apple and Dell websites for more information. Many software manufacturers also offer educational discounts to students and teachers.
Does the Music Business program have any plans to offer certificates? Yes. We are currently developing 15-credit hour based certificates in Sound Reinforcement, Audio Production and Music Management. These certificates will provide continuing education certification for people interested in working as audio visual technicians, sound designers and music business managers.

I am an international student. How should I begin my registration process?

Kendall campus international students should contact international student services director Floris Giol (telephone: 305-237-2330; e-mail: fgiol@mdc.edu) or assistant Myriam Lopez (telephone: 305-237-2363; e-mail: mlopez1@mdc.edu) in room 3334. Please note that international students are bound to U.S. immigration laws and pay higher tuition for classes. Therefore, it is in your best interest to enroll in the appropriate courses. In order to minimize expenses, international students should complete courses satisfactorily on their first attempt.
North, Wolfson, Medical Center, Homestead and InterAmerican campus students should click on the provided links to visit their respective campus websites in order to locate their individual international student services departments.

What textbooks do you use in the program or do you recommend for someone interested in studying music business or production?

Required textbooks:
Baskerville, D. (2005). Music Business Handbook and Career Guide (8th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
ISBN: 0-1412-90438-2

Passman, D. (2003). All You Need To Know About The Music Business (5th ed.). New York, NY: Simon and Schuster. ISBN: 0-7432-4637-3

Huber, D. M., & Runstein, R.E. (2005). Modern Recording Techniques (6th Edition). Burlington, MA: Focal Press.
ISBN: 0-240-80625-5

Roback, S. (2003). Pro Tools 6 for Macintosh & Windows. Berkely, CA: Peachpit Press. ISBN: 0-321-21315-7

Suggested readings:
Franz, D. (2000). Producing in the Home Studio with Pro Tools. Boston, MA: Berklee Press. ISBN: 0-634-03221-6

Baragary, R. (1996). The Billboard Guide to Home Recording (Revised ed.). North Hollywood, CA: Billboard Books.
ISBN: 0-8230-8300-4

Strong, J. (2002). Home Recording for Musicians for Dummies. Indianapolis, IN: For Dummies.
ISBN: 0-7645-1634-5

McIan, P., & Wichman, L. (1994). The Musician’s Guide to Home Recording. USA: Amsco Music. ISBN: 0-8256-1378-7

I like to work at home or have to use public transportation. What equipment do I need to build an affordable home studio?

Students interested in designing a home studio compatible with the facilities and technologies used at MDC and a majority of music industry professionals have numerous options. The most flexible and inexpensive setup involves the purchase of the following equipment. (Links to manufacturers or retailers are included.)

1. A Macintosh or PC computer or laptop with a minimum 500 megahertz processor and at least 1-gigabyte of internal RAM.

2. A 7200 rpm internal SCSI or external Firewire drive. Due to disk fragmentation caused by digital audio recording, it is advisable to refrain from recording on the hard drive housing the operating system and purchase a large, fast and reliable external Firewire 7200 rpm drive containing the Oxford 922 chip and an 8 megabyte buffer. These Firewire drives are highly portable and affordable.

3. A Pro Tools M-Box. The M-Box contains the Pro Tools LE software, 2 microphone preamps, phantom power (+48v) and RTS connectors capable of accomodating microphone (XLR) and guitar (1/4") cables.The M-Box 2 also contains MIDI in and out ports.

4. A single or pair of professional quality microphones. These microphones range in quality, type and application. Microphone prices from $79 to $2,000 per microphone. Dynamic microphones tend to be less expensive, more rugged and better suited for recording instruments capable of producing high sound pressure levels (SPL). Condenser and ribbon microphones tend to be more expensive, fragile and better suited for certain high-end applications. See the MUM 2600 webpage for more information regardign microphone applicationns.

5. A pair of powered monitors for reference listening. M-Audio manufacturers an outstanding selection of affordably priced powered monitors and MIDI gear. Yamaha, Roland, Genelec, Tannoy and a host of other companies also produce and sell great monitors. Genelec studio monitors and Yamaha NS-10 speakers are standards in professional recording studios around the world.

6. A set of headphones. Better quality headphones are more efficient when reproducing audio due to extended audio range and power. In other words, good headphones tend to sound better, louder and usually cost more money than lower quality headphones. Sony, AKG and Alessandro all design and manufacture professional quality headphones. Retailers such as Guitar Center, Audio-One, Harris Audio and Sam Ash all sell a wide variety of professional quality headphones.

7. A pair of microphone (XLR) and guitar/instrument (1/4") cables.

8. For those interested in MIDI capability, you will need a MIDI keyboard. AKAI, M-Audio, Korg, Roland, Tascam, Yamaha and many other companies manufacturer mind-boggling varieties and spectacular MIDI keyoards, processors, mixers and professional music products. Keyboards, synthesizers and MIDI controllers range in type, size, weight, price and functionality. Wind players have access to both the AKAI EWI and the Yamaha wind controllers. Guitarists and percussionists have access to a wide range of MIDI controllers for their particular instruments and needs.

9. Digidesign's original M-Box does not contain a MIDI interface. Students can purchase a MIDI keyboard with a built in USB or Firewire MIDI port or purchase an inexpensive MIDI interface.

10. Students interested in techno-music production and powerful MIDI production software with a large library of internal sounds should look to purchase Reason software. Reason is very affordable, powerful and is used extensively in MDC production classes and throughout the music industry.

11. Students interested in producing sophisticated, professional quality mixes and masters may want to explore an array of plugins designed for use with Pro Tools and most other Digital Audio Software and workstations such as the Waves bundles, Sony Oxford or Focusrite plugins.

Please note that the Pro Tools M-Box will serve as the audio interface for other digital audio and MIDI software such as Digital Performer, Cubase, Nuendo, Logic, Reason, SampleTank and many others.

Professor Calle would like to thank Dr. Bernard Geltzer, Dr. Linda Howard, Dr. Thomas Thompson, Mrs. Sari Calle,
Randy DeWitt, William Kreitner, Dr. Richard Rose, Steve Roitstein, Zandra Geltzer, Jonathan Jesion, Sydney Calle,
Lauren Calle and Dr. Mark Geltzer for their inspiration and assistance with this HRD project. I hope the information contained on these pages expediates the advising, registration and graduation process for everyone in the Music Business Program at MDC.

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