Discovering the Roots and Assessing Strategies
Designed and Implemented to Reduce Bullying

Robert Worden & Ed Calle
The research problem.
This section should include the narrative hook and the research problem.
Bullying appears to have long-term effects on children including lowered self-esteem, increased absenteeism, depression, and suicide (Harris, Petrie, & Willoughby, 2002). Across the nation, it was discovered that 72% of girls and 81% of boys reported being bullied during their school years (Hazler, 1996).

Studies that have addressed the problem.
Deficiencies in the study.

Studies such as Seals & Young (2003) and Mouttapa, Valente and Gallagher (2004) have discussed the problems associated with school bullying. Other studies, including Orpinas, Horne, Staniszewski (2003) and have Migliore (2003) have examined bully prevention strategies. However, relatively few studies have examined the root causes of bullying and suggested prevention strategies.
The importance of the study for an audience. This section of the introduction should identify the type and format of the mixed methods study being implemented. Bullying, when not proactively addressed by parents, students, teachers, administrators and community leaders, negatively impacts students by increasing dropout rates, violence and illness and eroding self-esteem, a sense of community and student performance (Harris et al., 2002). This sequential mixed methods study strives to describe the frequency and types of bullying behaviors within the Tri-Valley Secondary School District at the beginning of the 2005-2006 school year in order to discover the root causes of this behavior and develop a bully prevention strategy. Subsequently, the quantitative component of this study assesses the effectiveness of bully prevention program implemented at the end of the 2005-2006 school year.
The purpose statement.

The purpose of this two-phase, sequential mixed methods study will be to explore participant views with the intent of using this information to develop and test an instrument with a sample from a population. The first phase will be a qualitative exploration of the root causes of bullying by collecting open-ended interview responses from students in the Tri-Valley Secondary School District. Themes from this qualitative data will then be developed into an instrument so that a bully prevention program can be tested that compares the impact of the prevention program on student's perceptions regarding the changes in bullying behavior for 500 Tri-Valley Secondary School students.